Welcome for your great choice of choosing EV. There is no doubt, the number of electric vehicles on roads is increasing rapidly. That’s why EV charging has become an important aspect of car authority.
It’s clear that electric vehicle charging is different from fueling a car with gasoline. In my opinion, EVs are fun to drive. Keep reading this guide to enrich your knowledge about EV charging.
It is the most convenient and the cost of electricity is lowest. The charging time is dependent on the speed, or level, of charging. Remember that you don’t need to charge fully to drive your car, just like you don’t need to fully charge your smartphone to operate it.
However, EV charging has become a common matter nowadays. Here is a deep guide on electric car charging. Let’s dive in!
Electric Vehicle Charging Guide
If you’re an owner of an electric car or involved with EV authority, then you need to know how to charge an electric car. Charging an EV is not very complicated. You can charge your car at your home, at a workplace or at a public charging station. Here are some major Points you need to know before charging an EV.
- Types of charging.
- Cost of charging.
- How long does it take to charge an electric car?
- Connector type that is compatible with your EV.
- How to charge an EV at home.
- How to charge an EV at work
Types Of Charging
Level 1 Charging: 120v, Slowest type of charging. This is a very basic charge for an electric vehicle and takes a long time to recharge. It will take 8-12 hours to charge fully if you charge your EV from zero. It is suitable for those who travel less than 40 miles a day and have all night to charge.
Level 2 charging: 240v,2-4x faster than level 1 charging. level 2 chargers typically pump out 240 volts. Maximum home and public charging stations operate at 240 Volts. Level 2 charger will take around three to four hours to charge batteries from empty to full. Full-electric cars require Level 2 charging to get a full battery overnight.
DC Fast Charging: DC fast charging sometimes called level 3 charging by mistake. DC fast charging uses direct current rather than the alternating current which s very high powered. DC charging stations can charge up to 150 miles of range in one hour.
But the problem is that only fully electric cars have access to DC fast charging. Also, these stations are very expensive and it’s not yet widely available. However, some companies are trying to make ultra-fast DC charging stations more widely available.
EV charging at Home
According to research, 95% of electric car charging is done at home, where installing a Level 2 charging system is often recommended. Charging at home can either be done with a regular outlet or with a “level 2” charging station.
There are some common ways of charging the vehicle at home. One easy way is to plug into a standard electrical outlet. All electric cars have an “onboard charger” itself. To connect your car to an electric source, you have to use the cord which comes with your car. It won’t charge your car fast. If you want to charge fast, you need a home “Electric Vehicle Service Equipment”(EVSE).
Charging with Level 2 EVSE is faster than Level 1 but requires some special equipment that is very expensive to install. You should consult with an EV expert or authority for information about the required charging equipment and understand the specifications before purchasing.
For Level 2 charging at 240-volt, you have to install a charging station in your garage or outside your house. The cost of Level 2 residential EVSE typically ranges from $500 to $2,000 before installation and state or utility incentives.
Level 2 charging station adds about Ten to Sixty miles of range to a car per hour of charging time. It takes around four hours to fully charge a 30 kWh battery car. Charging cost on home charging station is lower than public charging.
EV Charging at Work
Charging at work can be an easy and convenient way to recharge an EV for employees. It will be very helpful and effective if there is a charge point at the workplace. A lot of companies offering EV charging options for employees and visitors.
Most workplaces select wall-mounted units as they are cheaper to install. The wall-mounted Type 2 7 kW charger is compatible with most of the EV and charges a car fully almost Three to Four hours. some workplaces install a faster 22kW unit or even a rapid charger if they have enough space and money.
The price of the unit and installation costs are the two main costs. A fully installed wall-mounted Type 2 7kW double-header would normally cost around £1500 while a rapid charge unit can cost up to £35,000.
The rapid chargers cost a lot to install than a slow charger unit. The speed of workplace charge points is similar to the home charging station. Often business EV charging units can charge two cars at once. You can try this juice box pro 40 EV charger, it’s good for both indoor and outdoor.
The Benefits Of Workplace Charging
Large Fuel Savings: An employee can charge his EV freely at his workplace as the electricity cost is taken on by the employer. In some workplace, the employee has to pay some fees to use the charger, but this fee is very low compared to a public charging station.
A longer Electric Range: Charging your EV at the workplace can double the range of your vehicle. This is particularly good for plug-in hybrids users. Plus, the level 2 charging station allows you faster charging. It’s very interesting for part-time employees.
Government Subsidies: Many govt. encourage the employer to install a charging station at the workplace by reducing the installation and purchasing costs. Govt provides many other advantages to employers.
Types of Connector
There are different types of charging connectors for EV. That’s why it’s confusing to choose the right one. All the cars don’t have the same types of charging connector but there isn’t a huge difference. There are mainly two connectors. One is for plugs into your car and the one that connects to the electric source.
Level 1/slow chargers have a Type 1 (J1772) connector or a seven-pin Type 2 (Mennekes) connector. Fast chargers have a Type 2 (Mennekes) connector but some use Type 1. DC fast chargers use a JEVS (CHADeMO) or a CCS connector.
The most familiar connector for a home charger is the SAE J1772. Most popular EV’s uses this connector for charging. For focus EV, the Kia Soul EV, Nissan Leaf also use the SAE J1772. Most Level 2 public charging stations use this connector.
After all, you have to make sure that your selected charging connectors fits your car. You can read this Electric Vehicle buying guide.